Seychelles was uninhabited prior to being encountered by Europeans in the 16th century. It faced competing French and British interests until coming under full British control in the late 18th century. Since proclaiming independence from the United Kingdom in 1976, it has developed from a largely agricultural society to a market-based diversified economy, characterized by rapidly rising servicepublic sector, and tourism activities. From 1976 to 2015, nominal GDP grew nearly 700%, and purchasing power parity nearly 1600%. Since the late 2010s, the government has taken steps to encourage foreign investment.

Bird Island is the northernmost island in the Seychelles archipelago, 100 km from Mahe. The 0.94 km2 coral island is known for its birdlife, including sooty terns, fairy terns and common noddies, and for hawksbill and green turtles. It is now a private resort with 7 chalet-villas It also contains a small weather station and a small landing strip Bird Island Airport which connects the island with Mahe

Today, Seychelles boasts the highest nominal per capita GDP of any African nation. It has the second-highest Human Development Index of any African country after Mauritius. It is one of only two African countries classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank (the other being Mauritius).

Seychellois culture and society is an eclectic mix of French, British, and African influences, with more recent infusions of Chinese and Indian elements. The country is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Country Profile

Official Name:
Creole: Repiblik Sesel
English: Republic of Seychelles
French: République des Seychelles

Independence: 29 June 1976,(from the United Kingdom)

ISO Country Codesc, SYC
IATA code: SEZ

Actual Time: Tue-Nov-2  22:31
Time Zone: SCT – Seychelles Times
Local Time = UTC +4h

Country Calling Code: +248

Capital City: Victoria (pop. 27,500)

St. Pierre Island, Seychelles
A tiny reef island sitting about 1.5 miles off Praslin’s famed Cote d’Or beach, this unique spot is a popular destination for snorkeling tours. Its most impressive feature can be found along its jagged granite coast, under the translucent waves. The only way to get to the island is by boat, and it’s a popular place to watch the sun set
Type: Multiple-party republic.
Independence: 29 June 1976 (from the UK).Geography:
Location: Eastern Africa, a group of about 115 islands scattered over 1.3 million km² of the western Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar.
Area: 455 km² (176 sq km)
Major Islands: Mahe, Praslin and La Digue.
Terrain: About half of the islands are of granitic origin, with narrow coastal strips and central ranges of hills rising to more than 900 m; highest point: Morne Seychellois at 905 m.
The other half are coral atolls, many uninhabitable.Climate: Tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May).People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective–Seychellois.
Population 98,000 (2021)
Ethnic groups: Creole (European, Asian, and African).
Religions: Catholic 86%, Anglican Church 7%, other Christians 2.5%, other 4.1%.
Languages: Official languages are Seychelles Creole (kreol seselwa), English, and French.
Literacy: between 60-80%.Natural resources: Fish, copra, cinnamon trees.Agriculture products: Coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (tapioca), bananas, broiler chickens, tuna fish.

Anse Lazio
Ranked as one of the most beautiful beaches in the world as per multiple international surveys, Anse Lazio is known for its shady Takamaka trees, white sand, and glittering waters. The beach offers ample opportunities for swimming and snorkelling. The picturesque beach makes it one of the must-visit tourist attractions in Seychelles for a honeymoon trip

Industries: Fishing, tourism, orocessing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture, beverages.

Exports – commodities: Canned tuna, frozen fish, petroleum products (reexports)

Exports partners: United Arab Emirates 17%, United Kingdom 13%, France 12%, British Virgin Islands 11%, Zambia 9%, Mauritius 5%, Japan 5% (2019)

Imports – commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods

Imports – partners: United Arab Emirates 21%, Qatar 13%, British Virgin Islands 7%, Germany 6%, France 6%, China 5%, Spain 5%, South Africa 5% (2019)

Anse Source D’Argent
One of the best beaches in the Seychelles, Anse Source D’Argent also tops the list of the world’s most beautiful strands. This idyllic La Digue beach embodies the essence of a bucket-list-worthy beach vacation with inimitable granite rocks highlighted against flawless white sand and dazzlingly turquoise water. No wonder it’s been used as a backdrop for so many films and advertising campaigns.

Currency: Seychelles Rupee (SCR)

Seychelles is divided into twenty-six administrative regions comprising all of the inner islands. Eight of the districts make up the capital of Seychelles and are referred to as Greater Victoria. Another 14 districts are considered the rural part of the main island of Mahé with two districts on Praslin and one on La Digue which also includes respective satellite islands. The rest of the Outer Islands (Îles Eloignées) are the last district recently created by the tourism ministry.

Greater Victoria

Mahe Island

Mahe Island
Explored by the Britishers in the 17th Century, Mahe is the largest archipelago of Seychelles and one of the most visited islands for tourists. It stands as one prominent destination and the largest island as s sheath of diverse flora and fauna. There are more than 65 beaches in Mahe with the magnificence of the highest mountains overlooking the shores.The island is also famous for the Beau Vallon beach and the numerous tourist attractions of Victoria city – one of the tiniest capital cities of the world.

Bel Air

La Rivière Anglaise (English River)

Les Mamelles

Mont Buxton

Mont Fleuri


Roche Caiman

Saint Louis

Rural Mahé

Anse aux Pins

Anse Boileau

Anse Etoile

Au Cap

Anse Royale

Baie Lazare

Beau Vallon

Bel Ombre



Grand’Anse Mahé

Pointe La Rue

Port Glaud



Praslin IslandPraslin Island

Scattered along the coastline of Seychelles, Praslin Island is another wonder to discover nature at its best. The Vallée de Mai UNESCO World Heritage Site has made Praslin a popular and one of the best destinations for sightseeing in Seychelles.

Baie Sainte Anne (Anse Volbert)

Grand’Anse Praslin (Grande Anse)

La Digue and remaining Inner Islands

La Digue (Anse Réunion)

The majority of the islands are uninhabited, with many dedicated as nature reserves. Seychelles largest island Mahe is located at a distance of 835 mi (1,344 km), from Mogadishu, Somalia’s capital over the Somali Sea.

A group of 44 islands (42 granitic and 2 coralline) occupy the shallow waters of the Seychelles Bank and are collectively referred to as the inner islands. They have a total area of 244 km2, accounting for 54% of the total land area of the Seychelles and 98% of the entire population.

The islands are divided into groups as follows.

There are 42 granitic islands known as the Granitic Seychelles. These are in descending order of size: MahéPraslinSilhouette IslandLa DigueCurieuseFélicitéFrégate, Ste-Anne, North, Cerf, Marianne, Grand Sœur, Thérèse, Aride Island, Conception, Petite Sœur, Cousin Island, Cousine, Long, Récif, Round (Praslin), Anonyme, Mamelles, Moyenne, Île aux Vaches Marines, L’Islette, Beacon (Île Sèche), Cachée, Cocos, Round (Mahé), L’Ilot Frégate, Booby, Chauve-Souris (Mahé), Chauve-Souris (Praslin), Île La Fouche, Hodoul, L’Ilot, Rat, Souris, St. Pierre (Praslin), Zavé, Harrison Rocks (Grand Rocher).

Vallée De Mai National ParkVallée De Mai National Park

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Vallée de Mai National Park is a must-visit place in Seychelles where you can discover the best of wildlife. Spreading to an area of 19.5 hectares, the national park is home to an abundance of exotic flora and fauna that includes 4000 species of plants and birds, mammals, snails, and reptiles. There are six different palm species and many endemic species preserved that you can explore during your vacation in May.

Seychelles is among the world’s leading countries to protect lands for threatened species, allocating 42% of its territory for conservation.[46] Like many fragile island ecosystems, Seychelles saw the loss of biodiversity when humans first settled in the area, including the disappearance of most of the giant tortoises from the granitic islands, the felling of coastal and mid-level forests, and the extinction of species such as the chestnut flanked white eye, the Seychelles parakeet, and the saltwater crocodile. However, extinctions were far fewer than on islands such as Mauritius or Hawaii, partly due to a shorter period of colonizer occupation. Seychelles today is known for success stories in protecting its flora and fauna. The rare Seychelles black parrot, the national bird of the country, is now protected.

The largest island of the archipelago and one of the most popular places to visit in Seychelles, Mahé boasts of verdant forests, the highest mountain ranges of Seychelles, and over 65 beaches with a vast diversity of flora and fauna. The island is also famous for the Beau Vallon beach and the numerous tourist attractions of Victoria city – one of the tiniest capital cities of the world.

Seychelles is home to two terrestrial ecoregions: Granitic Seychelles forests and Aldabra Island xeric scrub. The country had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 10/10, ranking it first globally out of 172 countries.

Since independence in 1976, per capita output has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labour force, compared to agriculture which today employs about 3% of the labour force. Despite the growth of tourism, farming and fishing continue to employ some people, as do industries that process coconuts and vanilla.

As of 2013, the main export products are processed fish (60%) and non-fillet frozen fish (22%).[

The prime agricultural products currently produced in Seychelles include sweet potatoes, vanilla, coconuts and cinnamon. These products provide much of the economic support of the locals. Frozen and canned fish, copra, cinnamon and vanilla are the main export commodities.

13. Silhouette Island

Silhouette Island
Just over 12 miles northwest of Mahé lies Silhouette Island, the third largest, and many would say the most beautiful, island of the archipelago. Like Mahé, Silhouette’s interior is mountainous and lush with rain forest. The coast consists of pristine beaches peppered with photo-worthy granite rocks. Silhouette is home to the luxurious Hilton Seychelles Labriz Resort & Spa, as well as a tiny fishing village called La Passe.

Since the worldwide economic crises of 2008, the Seychelles government has prioritised a curbing of the budget deficit, including the containment of social welfare costs and further privatisation of public enterprises. The government has a pervasive presence in economic activity, with public enterprises active in petroleum product distribution, banking, imports of basic products, telecommunications and a wide range of other businesses. According to the 2013 Index of Economic Freedom, which measures the degree of limited government, market openness, regulatory efficiency, rule of law, and other factors, economic freedom has been increasing each year since 2010.

Lush rain forest in the Seychelles
the lush rain forests that constitute each island’s inner core are just as extraordinary. It’s here that you’ll find ironwood, redwood, and medusagyne (a.k.a. jellyfish) trees. The forests are also home to the Seychelles’ famed Coco de Mer tree, which produces the largest seed of any plant on the globe

The national currency of Seychelles is the Seychellois rupee. Initially tied to a basket of international currencies, it was unpegged and allowed to be devalued and float freely in 2008 on the presumed hopes of attracting further foreign investment in the Seychelles economy.

Seychelles has emerged as the least corrupt country in Africa in the latest Corruption Perception Index report released by Transparency International in January 2020.


Cultural life

Seychellois culture has been shaped by a combination of European, African, and Asian influences. The main European influence is French, recognizable in Seselwa, the Creole language that is the lingua franca of the islands, and in Seychellois food and religion; the French introduced Roman Catholicism, the religion of the majority of the islanders. African influence is revealed in local music and dance as well as in Seselwa. Asian elements are evident in the islands’ cuisine but are particularly dominant in business and trade.

Arul Mihu Navasakthi Vinayagar Temple
Arul Mihu Navasakthi Vinayagar Temple The only Hindu temple in the Seychelles, the Arul Mihu Navasakthi Vinayagar Temple was built in 1992. The unique building stands in all its colorful glory in Mahé’s tiny capital, Victoria. It was named after Ganesh, the Hindu god of prosperity and new beginnings. One of the most famous and well recognized Hindu deities, Ganesh is also known as Vinayaka

Holidays observed in Seychelles include Liberation Day, which commemorates the anniversary of the 1977 coup, on June 5; National Day, June 18; Independence Day, June 29; the Feast of the AssumptionAugust 15; All Saints’ DayNovember 1; the Feast of the Immaculate ConceptionDecember 8; and Christmas, December 25.

Because of the exorbitant expense of the large and lavish wedding receptions that are part of Seychellois tradition, many couples never marry; instead, they may choose to live en ménage, achieving a de facto union by cohabitating without marriage. There is little or no social stigma related to living en ménage, and the arrangement is recognized by the couple’s family and friends. The instance of couples living en ménage increases particularly among lower income groups.

Dance plays an important role in Seychellois society. Both the séga and the moutya, two of the most famous dances performed in Seychelles, mirror traditional African customs. The sensual dances blend religion and social relations, two elements central to African life. The complicated and compelling dance movements were traditionally carried out under moonlight to the beat of African drums. Dances were once regular events in village halls, but these have largely died out in recent years; now dances take place in modern nightclubs.(Britannica)

Aldabra Island

Aldabra Island

Festivals in Seychelles

Bazar Labrine-Dusk Bazaar Festival is a paradise for all food lovers who can indulge themselves with a lot of local delicacies. It takes place in Beau Vallon on every Wednesdays in open-air atmosphere.

Seychelles Sailing Cup: At the end of January, catamarans, yachts, and traditional pirogues come to the regattas of the Seychelles Sailing Cup on Praslin. There is also a deep-sea fishing competition as part of the event, which is hosted by a Belgian sailing organization for one week each year.

Seychelles Eco-Friendly Marathon, also called Eco-Healing Seychelles marathon, starts at the Beau Vallon Bay, Mahé, and attracts sports enthusiasts from around the world. The full course of the marathon is about 42km. The event is one of the major events that take place in February on the northern peninsula of Mahé.

Semaine de la Francophonie: Celebrating French culture in mid-March, Semaine de la Francophonie is a similar entity to that which is enjoyed in Franco-influenced destinations around the world. The week-long party takes place on Mahé Island and features an array of art exhibitions and literary readings, along with French music, song, fashion and food.
In March, the International Deep-Sea Fishing Competition is held on Mahé, where the tourist office and the International Game Fishing Association (IGFA) take the lead.

Seychelles International Carnival celebrated each year since 2011 is considered to be one of the world’s best carnivals. And quite rightly so. This noisy, colorful, joyous celebration of international harmony spread over three days at various locations on Mahé Island is comparable to the famous event in Rio de Janeiro. The largest party in the island capital offers live shows, open-air discos, and an extended parade across the town.

FetAfrik or Africa Day is celebrated annually on 25th May. It is a colorful artistic festival that celebrates the African origin in Seychelles with combination of Creole and African culture in Seychellois way of celebration.
Seychelles Arts Festival, organized annually by the National Art Council, is held in May. The festival offers a platform for local artists to exhibit their talents and works of art. It also offers courses for visitors to learn different forms of art. Top chefs serve up the best local dishes. Dance and music bands come up with their performances to entertain the public.

Festival of Classical Music: This event takes place every year on Mahe. Most of the concerts are held in Beau Vallon Bay. Music lovers enjoy performances of young and well – known musicians from various countries.

Round Table Beau Vallon Regatta: This is mostly a water festival comprising of water games such as yacht race, swimming, and other races. Since Beau Vallon is busy during the high season tourists who come during August and September should pre-book hotels for them.

Praslin Culinary festival & Arts Fiesta is another international event held annually in Seychelles. The celebration includes exhibitions of local artists, culinary events and traditional Thai music and dance.
Windsurfing Race is a sporting event held on Mahe in September. The event is organized by the Seychelles Yachting Association every year.(

The Creole Festival

If you want to witness the melting of cultures of different ethnic groups into one place all at the same time, the Creole Festival is something you definitely would not want to miss. Held in October every year, this week-long celebration is an escape from the dull, monotonous life. You can dive into the sea of cultures and explore exotic cuisines, drinks, music and dance and that too with a multi-racial tinge. The festival is organized on the islands of Praslin, La Digue and Mahe. The Creole Festival is a symbolic tribute to the colourful culture, customs, traditions and practices of the Creole lifestyle.
Seychelles Creole festival
Seychelles Creole festival

Seychelles Ocean Festival

Seychelles Ocean Festival is an underwater festival organised every year in December. The festival comprises photographic competitions, school events, diving and snorkelling. It is celebrated primarily to remind the Seychellois of their rich underwater reserves and a need to protect and preserve them. What is even more exciting is that you can flaunt your underwater photography skills and bring home some really cool prizes.
Seychelles ocean festival
Seychelles ocean festival

The Feast of the Assumption of Mary

This is a local festival celebrated in the La Digue island. Some devotees from Praslin and Mahe also join in the festivities. It is held in the Church situated at La Digue and is a religiously significant festival (Christianity is the main religion of Seychelles). People offer their prayers to the Virgin Mother Mary and seek her benedictions.
The Feast of the Assumption of Mary

3. Seychelles Cuisine – Food of Seychelles

Seychelles’ cuisine reflects hues of flavours of France, Africa, India and Europe. Being an island country, the staple food consists of a number of fish and shellfish dishes along with coconut, mangoes and breadfruit. Ladob and shark curry are other finger-licking dishes which must be given a shot. Ladob, when served as a dessert, is a creamy sauce made of sweet potato, plantain, coconut milk, nutmeg and vanilla.

You really cannot resist the savoury version of Ladob which is cooked with salt, a bit of spice, plantain and cassava. On the other hand, shark curry is prepared with a mashed, skinned shark in bilimbi juice, lime, salt and aromatic spices. If you are in Seychelles, then you really cannot miss the lip-smacking bat curry (Civet de chauve souris), cassava pudding, fruit bat and Satini Rekin all of which are inspired by flavours of France, Africa and India.

Octopus curry is an absolute beloved dish in Seychelles. It truly reflects the fusion of culture that makes up the tiny island nation. Octopus curry is a creole dish. The original version comes from the Island of Praslin and is served in nearly every restaurant there. I served it over white rice but you can also make it a little fancier and serve it over saffron rice as well
Image: Pinterest

And if you are a wine lover, then you must try the Seychelles specialities: palm wine calou(or kalou), bakka rum, Seybrew and Eku. The cuisine of Seychelles is a unique combination of flavours of different regions and you cannot resist yourself from trying it.


Sources: Wikipedia,,  Britannica,,,,

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